Article 25 of the Indian Constitution
What does Article 25 of Indian constitution say?
Article 25 of the Indian Constitution says that all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right to freely profess, practice, and propagate religion.
NOTE – Rights under Article 25 of the Indian Consitution are available to both Citizens and Non-Citizens.
Explanations under Article 25 of the Indian Constitution
- Wearing and carrying of Kirpans is to be included in the profession of the Sikh religion.
- The context of the word ‘HINDUS’ includes Sikhs, Jains, and Buddhists.
Implications under Article 25
Right to Freedom of Conscience of religion
It means the absolute Inner Freedom (अंतरात्मा) of an individual, to mold his relation with God or Creatures in whatever way he desires.
Right to Profess religion
It means to declare one’s religious beliefs and faith openly and freely without any fear.
Right to Practice religion
It means to perform religious worship, rituals, ceremonies and exhibition of beliefs and ideas.
Right to Propagate religion
It means the Right of Transmission and Dissemination (प्रसार करना) of one’s religious beliefs to others. It also allows the explanation of beliefs of one’s religion.
But it does not include a right to convert another person to one’s own religion. Forcible conversions can have a negative impact on one’s FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE which is guaranteed to all persons alike.
- The state can regulate or restrict any economic, financial, political, or other secular activity associated with religious practice.
- The state can provide social welfare and reform or open up Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all sections and classes of Hindus ( Sikh, Jain, or Buddhist religions).
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