What is Agglomeration in geography?
Agglomeration In Geography Definition
- Agglomeration in geography may have two general meanings to geographers.
- Urban geographers: To urban geographers, it is a term that represents a large urban concentration.
- Economic Geographers: To economic geographers, the word refers to the tendency of producers in a given industry to cluster together in a given space.
Agglomeration to Urban Geographer
- In urban geography, agglomeration is a broad term that is used to identify a large, extended area of urban development. We often used it as a synonym for similar terms, such as conurbation, metropolitan area, or Metropole.
- There is no established definition for how large an urban concentration must be to be classified as an agglomeration, and scholars of urban geography use the term in a general sense, using it in a case where two or more significant urban clusters have combined to form a larger urban space.
Agglomeration to economic geographers
- For economic geographers, agglomeration means the tendency of units of economic production to group together in the same location. This clustering provides many potential economic advantages, including achieving economies of scale, use of a common transport structure, lower shipping and transport costs between firms making specialized products, concentration and transfer of capital and labor, and increased communication among various units. Agglomeration occurs near or in large metropolitan areas, facilitated by the large pools of capital, labor, and consumers located there.
- Agglomeration increases the advantages brought on by so-called network effects, which often result in lower operating costs from increased competition among suppliers, a larger and more diverse pool of potential employees, and attracting a larger number of consumers to a central location.
How does agglomeration help?
agglomeration in geography with example
- When we talk about these methods of development on a smaller scale, we talk about things like specific business groupings. A business that is near another may enjoy the placement.
- If they established people or businesses near each other, they realize mutual benefits from each other. When larger businesses move into town, everyone sees the benefits of the increased cash flow, even if they are not affected by it. When a railroad or airport is put in, likewise everyone in the area will enjoy it because they are located nearby, even if they are not directly affected by the new business. This is what agglomeration means for those who are a part of it. It means getting benefits from different forces located nearby as well as from direct aspects.
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